Perched on a dramatic uprise of hills, Chittorgarh, in Rajasthan, is that the largest fort complex in India, sprawling as far because the eye can see. Nestled within the Aravalli range and flanked by the pristine Berach river, Chittorgarh echoes with the tales of Rajput gallantry and therefore the melodious tunes of saint-queen Meera Bai’s devotional songs. The historical grandeur of the town is reflected in its majestic monuments, a legacy of the Sisodia Rajputs of Mewar, who made the region their capital.
Fortified under the patronage of the Rajputs, who would rather die in battle than surrender, Chittorgarh was attacked 3 times (1303, 1535, and 1567-68) with the enemy becoming stronger and more skilful whenever . While the victory wasn’t achieved whenever , the sacrifices of those brave souls left a deep imprint on the history of the region. the lads fought till the last drop of their blood while the ladies performed jahaur ( self-immolation by jumping into a holy fire). the primary attack in 1303 was by Alauddin Khilji while the second attack in 1535 was by Bahadur Shah of Gujarat and eventually by Akbar who seized the fort in 1568. After the last of the attacks, Rana Udaisingh escaped to Udaipur to determine a replacement capital for Mewar. However, under Mughal emperor Jahangir (Jehangir), Chittor was returned to the Rajputs in 1616.
How to get there
The nearest airport is located in Udaipur City which is about 105 km away.
The place is well-connected to all the major cities of Rajasthan by bus.
It has a well-connected rail network to cities like Udaipur, Ajmer, Delhi and Jaipur.
Attractions In Chittorgarh
One of the foremost glorious symbols of the indomitable Rajput spirit is that the Chittorgarh Fort. Set atop a 180-m-high hill and cover a neighborhood of 240 hectare, it presents a formidable sight. Legend has it that the fort was constructed by Bhima, one among the Pandavas from the epic Mahabharata. it’s an imposing structure that rings with the stories and tragedies of the past and therefore the tales of extraordinary men and ladies . A one-kilometre road winding through foothills results in the fort and takes visitors through seven gates before reaching Rampol (gate of Ram), one among the entry gates still in use. While going from the second to the third gate, one can see two cenotaphs (chattris) that are inbuilt honour of Jaimal and Kalla, who laid down their lives during the siege by Mughal emperor Akbar in 1568. the most gate of the fort is Surajpol (sun gate).
The fort has a number of the foremost magnificent monuments, which include the Vijaya Stambha, the Kriti Stambha, Rana Kumbha's palace, Rani Padmini's palace, a temple dedicated to Meera Bai and lots of others. It also houses variety of Jain temples. From the highest of the fort, catch a spectacular sight of the Chittorgarh city sprawled at the bottom of the fort.
Kalika Mata temple
The ancient Kalika Mata Temple is one among the foremost captivating sights in Chittorgarh. Drawing influences from the architecture of Pratihara times (8th to 11th century), this temple is found on an elevated podium and therefore the intricately sculpted mandap, ceilings, pillars and entry gates are a treat to the eyes. The temple complex is large and ‘ratri jagrans’ (nightly prayers) are organised here.
The complex also features a temple dedicated to Lord Shiva called Jogeshwar Mahadev. The temple is lit up during Navratris when it sees excessive footfalls. it had been originally built as a shrine dedicated to the Sun god within the 8th century, however, within the 14th century, a temple dedicated to Goddess Kali was made up of its ruins. Located between the Padmini Palace and Victory Tower, the temple may be a prominent pilgrimage for devotees.
A picturesque pass , around an hour faraway from Udaipur, Haldighti is legendary for several wars that were fought here, the foremost legendary being the battle of 1576, between Rana Pratap Singh of Mewar and Mughal emperor Akbar’s army. it’s said numerous soldiers died during this battle that the yellow coloured soil (from which the place derives its name) turned red. it’s also the place where the gallant Chetak, the beloved horse of Maharana Pratap, lost his life while trying to save lots of the king. there’s a cenotaph inbuilt pure white marble, dedicated to Chetak.
About 40 km from Udaipur, today Haldighati may be a place where legends come to life. Nearby is Badshahi Bagh, famous for gulkand, a sweet jam-like preparation made up of rose petals.
Situated on the banks of the pristine Chambal and Brahmani rivers, the Bhainsrorgarh Fort is nestled during a thick forest cover. Constructed within the 2nd century, the fort houses a grand palace that has now been converted into a heritage hotel. Legend has it that this fort was once wrecked by Alauddin Khiliji (1296-1316) of the Khalji dynasty. Tourists also can head to the Bhainsrorgarh Wildlife Sanctuary that lies in close proximity to the fort.
The wildlife that one can spot here includes deer, jackals, chinkaras, fox, hyenas, antelopes, wild boar, turtles, crocodiles, goose, black-bellied terns, red-crested pochards, stocks, hawks, owls and darters. Since the sanctuary is situated at the confluence of the Chambal and Brahmani rivers, one also can spot a freshwater dolphin swimming around.
Lying 18 km faraway from Chittorgarh, Nagari may be a semi-agrarian city situated on the banks of Kusasthali river. This semi-industrialised area is understood for its well-established textile industries, Nagari hills and various temples. Tourists mostly visit here to enjoy activities like mountaineering, expedition and picnics. one among the very best peaks here is that the Nagari Nose that lies at an elevation of 855 m. Since it’s tons sort of a human nose it’s been named so. In past , it had been called Majhimika or Madhyamika and was majorly developed during the Mauryan and therefore the Gupta periods.
The excavations and an outsized number of coins found here indicate dominant Hindu and Buddhist influences. The coins of the Sibi tribes have also been found here. The place passed into the hands of varied rulers like the Western Kshatrapa, Hunas, Malavas. the traditional Shiva temple, Hathiyon ka Bara, and Ubhdivat or the Prakash stambh are a number of the opposite prominent sites to go to within the area.