The tribal belt in Gujarat comprises of the regions of Danga, Surat, Broach, Baroda, Panchmahals, Sabarkantha and Banaskantha.Various sects of Adivasis, mainly of Bhil Tribe and Konkan origin reside during this region.
Tribes like the Siddhis, Rabari tribe, Padhar tribe, Mers, and Bharwads sleep in the coastal Saurashtra districts of Junagadh, Jamnagar, and Kutch. The Siddhis are known to possess come to India from East Africa and have distinct Negroid features. The Rabaris and therefore the Mers seem to possess come from the Mediterranean in early times. The Australoid Adivasis (who have Australoid features) sleep in two tracts. they need Konkan features. the opposite group lives within the hill tracts along the state’s eastern border and comprise of the Bhil Garasias, Dungri Bhils, Ratwas, Naikas, et al. they need Bhil features.
In the plains of the Surat, Broach and Bulbar Districts, there also are other tribes, such as, the Dublas, who seem to possess a far off origin, the Dhodias, who may need migrated from the Dhulia region of Maharashtra and therefore the Choudhuris, who may have come from Orissa or West Bengal.
Information ABOUT GUJARAT TRIBES
Gujarat Tribes Demographics
There are more than 5 million Adivasis or tribal communities in Gujarat.Tribes with Bhil features account for quite 50% of the Gujrat`s Adivasi population. The vast majority of the Adivasi group’s guarantee plummet from families, for example, the Rathod, Solanki, Chauhan, Parmar, and Makwana. The colorful ghagra, the jhulki, the sallo, and therefore the jewelry is worn by the Bhil Garasia women reveal Rajput influence also. The Bhils near Akkalkavu in West Khandesh and people living in Ratnapur, came under the influence of the Muslims and though they adopted the Muslim faith, their women neither accepted the practice of wearing veils.
Culture of Tribes of Gujarat
The tribal people of Gujarat are strict and are animistic in religion. They worship animals, like the tiger, crocodile, and snake as Gods and also worship some plant Gods and a hill God (Thumbi Dev). They even have many Gods in common with the Hindus like Chamunda, Kalka, Amba, Lord Hanuman, and Lord Krishna. Their greatest festival is Holi. it’s said that this and other festivals like Diwali, which it’s said originally belonged to those aborigines, were in due course of your time adopted by the Hindus. Scholars also are of the opinion that the concept of the Mother Goddess, Parvati (daughter of Capitol Hill king) which of Lord Shiva has been borrowed by the Hindus from the Adivasis. The tribes also worship their dead ancestors.
Occupation of Tribes of Gujarat
The tribes of Gujarat are engaged in several occupations. In olden days the Bhils trusted the slash-and-burn cultivation system under which they cleared thick forests by cutting trees or burning them and cultivated crops during this land for a couple of years until the natural fertility of the soil was exhausted. They then moved on to new forests, leaving the land fallow for it to recover its fertility. They likewise lived by social affair backwoods produce and chasing wild mammoths or fishing. Some tribes work as casual laborers, cattle breeders and find employment within the ports. Indeed, even today the tribal groups, for example, the Koknas, Gamits, Dhodias, Vasawas, Garasias, and a couple of different Bhils by and large lived on agribusiness. Most of the Adivasis depend upon agriculture either as landowners or as farmworkers. The social found out of the tribes in Gujarat is sort of different from that of a usual Hindu community. the ladies in these communities have more freedom than their Hindu counterparts in matters of marriage, divorce, and remarriage. Other than this, the traditions and ways of life of the tribes shift too. The colourful costumes of the tribal people of Gujarat add charm to the eyes of the beholder. Moreover, the tribal people celebrate various fairs and festivals with great gaiety and tribal folk songs and dances.