Nestling at the foot of the Aravalli Hills 10km from the town of Sawai Madhopur, Ranthambhore National Park is one of the prime examples of Project Tiger's conservation efforts. Though Sawai Madhopur is an important town with its own historicity, but it is Ranthambhore, which is known the world over. Ranthambhore blends history of Rajput valour with scenic natural beauty and is an ideal getaway for an adventurous holiday.
Ranthambhore has been a witness to the rise and fall of many rulers aRanthambhorend a series of battle scenes. In the 13th century AD Govind, the grandson of Prithviraj Chauhan took over the reign of the land. Later his successor Vagabhatta, beautified the city and built a noteworthy temple at Jhain. In the middle of the 15th century AD Rana Kumbha captured the fort and gifted it to his son to be occupied later by the Had Chauhan Rajputs of Bundi and Mughal Emperors Akbar and Aurangzeb. Mughal Emperor Shah Alam gifted it to Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh I of Jaipur in 1754 and since then it was maintained as the hunting preserve of the Maharaja. Queen Elizabeth II and the Duke of Edinburgh were part of the royal hunting camp who stayed here.
PLACES TO VISIT
Ranthambhore's royal past manifests itself in the well-preserved imposRanthambhore Forting fort, built in 994 A.D. atop a steep high creek 200 meters above sea level. Ruined pavilions, walls, chhatris and splendid monuments are interspersed within the majestic fort. An 8th century A.D. Ganesh temple on an open land attracts thousands of devotees and is the venue for an annual fair held on. Bhadrapad Sudi Chaturthi, fourth day of the bright half, in the month of Bhadra. The fort is believed to be the site at which the first jauhar in Rajput history was performed. In the early 14th century, the ruler of the fort, Hammir deva, was engaged in a protracted battle with the muslim forces. Although Hammir repulsed the Muslim invaders; the women who were installed in the fort for their safety heard that he had succumbed on the battlefield. In usual Rajput style, preferring death to dishonor, they committed mass suicide. When confronted with the grisly news, the victorious Hammir beheaded himself before the image of God Shiva in the temple at the fort.
Ranthambore National park:
Ranthambore National park is spread over an area of 1,334 sq km along with its nearby sanctuaries like - the Mansingh Sanctuary and the Kaila Devi Sanctuary.The park is majorly famous for its tigers and is one of the best locations in India to see the majestic predators in its natural habitat. The tigers can be easily spotted even during the day time busy at their ordinary quest- hunting and taking proper care of their young ones.
Ranthambore is also counted as the famous heritage site because of the pictorial ruins that dot the wildlife park. Certainly, a visit to Ranthambore National Park is a treat for every wildlife and nature lover. The time spend on watching tigers roaming around, verdant greenery, a gamut of other species of chirpy birds and animals is priceless and worth enough to be explored at least once in a life.
HOW TO GET HERE
By Air: The nearest airport is at Jaipur which connected to all the major cities which includes Delhi, Mumbai, Calcutta, Jodhpur.
By Road: Rajasthan Roadways run very comfortable deluxe from Jaipur to Ranthambore. The roads are very good, and it takes around 4-5 hrs from Jaipur. You can also come by taxi.
By Train: The nearest railhead is at Ranthambore is connected to many major cities of India. There are daily trains from Delhi, Jaipur, Mumbai.