Chittorgarh is a city and a municipality in Rajasthan state of western India. It lies on the Berach River, a tributary of the Banas, and is the administrative headquarters of Chittorgharh District and a former capital of the Sisodia Dynasty of Mewar. The city of Chittaurgarh is located on the banks of river Gambhiri and Berach. The district was bifurcated and a new district namely Pratap Garh was created with certain portion taken from Udaipur district in the newly created district of Pratap Garh.
The pride and glory of Rajasthan. Chittor echoes with the tales of romance and valor unique to the Rajput tradition. A ruined citadel, where the royal past lives in its imposing forts, graceful palaces and spectacular ‘chhatris’. This fortified settlement has been ravaged thrice and each time the outcome was ‘Jauhar’ – when women and children immolated themselves on a huge funeral pyre while men donned in saffron robes of martyrdom rode out of the fort towards a certain death.
PLACES TO VISIT
FORTS AND PALACES IN CHITTORGARH :
The Fort, Chittorgarh The indomitable pride of Chittor, the fort is a massive structure with many gateways built by the literary rulers in 7th century AD. Perched on a height of 180 m high hill, it sprawls over 700 acres. The tablets and ‘chhatris’ within are impressive reminders of the Rajput heroism. The main gates are Padam Pol, Bhairon Pol, Hanuman Pol and Ram Pol. The fort has many magnificent monuments – all fine examples of the Rajput architecture. The ancient ruins of the fort are worth spending few moments in solitude. Vijay Stambh(Victory Tower), Chittorgarh The imposing 37 metres high structure with nine storey, covered with exquisite sculptures of Hindu deities and depicting episodes from the two great epics -Ramayana and Mahabharata. It was built in 1440 AD by Maharana Kumbha, a powerful ruler of Mewar to commemorate his victory over the Muslim rulers of Malawi and Gujarat.
Kirti Stambh (Tower of Fame) :
The 22 metres high tower built by a wealthy Jain merchant in the 12th century AD. The tower is dedicated to Adinathji, the first of the Jain Tirthankaras and is decorated with figures of the Jain pantheon.
Rana Kumbha’s Palace :
The ruined edifice of great historical and architectural interest, bring the most massive monument in the fort of Chittor. The palace is believed to have underground cellars where Rani Padmini and other women committed ‘Jauhar’
Jaimal and Patta Palaces :
The ruins of palaces of Rathore Jaimal and Sisodia Patta are witness to the gallantry of these great warriors.
Padmini’s Palace :
Built beside a pool, the palace is a magnificent one. It was here that Rana Ratan Singh showed a glimpse of queen Padmini to Alauddin Khilji. Rani Padmini stood in ‘Zanana Mahal’ – a pavilion in the centre and her reflection was visible to Alauddin Khilji in a mirror placed in the main hall. After having glimpse of the legendary beauty, Alauddin went to the extent of ravaging Chittor in order to possess her.
This temple was built during the reign of Maharana Kumbha and later given to Mira Bai when she needed a place to worship Lord Krishna, the main subject of her poems. It is a good example of Rajput architecture, designed in North Indian style on a raised plinth, with a conical roof over the inner sanctum. The dome is carved in a circle of five human bodies with one head that symbolises belief that the people of the four castes (Varnas), as well as the fifth caste Harijans, can all realise God. Within the sanctum are paintings of Lord Krishna and of Mira Bai in devotion (bhakti) to the god. The open colonnade around the sanctum has four small pavilions. A small chhatri stands in the temple’s forecourt, said to have been built in memory of Mira’s saintly guru, Rai Das (Swami Ravidas) of Varanasi, a Harijan. The saint’s footprints are marked on the floor of this small shrine.
Bassi Wildlife Sanctuary:
Bassi Wildlife Sanctuary covers 50 sq. km. and has the rich fauna consisting of panthers, antelope, wild boar and many birds.
Sita Mata Sanctuary:
Sitamata Sanctuary covers 423 sq. km. of mainly deciduous forest, known for its ancient Teak trees. Wildlife includes deers, sambhars, leopards, caracals, flying squirrel and wild boars. If one is looking for a picturesque countryside, peace and plenty of fresh air, this place is ideal and there are two very different accommodation options available.
Deogarh is close to the Mewar/Marwar border about 38 km. northeast of Udaipur; an estate of the Sangawat branch of the Coondawat clan, descendants of Choonda’s son, Kandhal who had four sons. His first son was Siha, and his second was Sanga. Sanga’s progeny came to be known as Sangawats, first class nobles of the State (of the 1st 16 Umraos) whose jagir was Deogarh. Built in 1670 on the architectural plans of the Sompura architects, Deogarh palace has over two hundred rooms at five different levels. The overall symmetry remains undisturbed despite a plethora of balconies, windows pillars and staircases. One can enjoy the beautiful murals and mirrors work in the castle. Only few rooms are open to guests, regional cuisine is served in the opulent dining ha
HOW TO GET HERE
By Air : Udaipur is the nearest airport. Daily flight form Delhi, Mumbai, Jaipur and Lucknow are available to Udaipur.
By Bus : Rajasthan Roadways run very comfortable deluxe & air conditioned buses from Jaipur to Chittorgarh. It is also connected by road to Delhi, Mount Abu, Chittorgarh, Bundi and Udaipuri.
By Train : Chittorgarh has rail links with Ahmedabad, Chittorgarh, Udaipur, Jaipur, Kota, Alwar and Delhi.