The golden age of the city began with the Mughals. It was known then as Akbarabād and remained the capital of the Mughal Empire under the Emperors Akbar, Jahāngīr and Shāh Jahān. Shāh Jahān later shifted his capital to Shāhjahānabād in the year 1689.
Famed with one of the Seven Wonders of the World - Taj Mahal, Agra is one of the most popular tourist destinations in India. Agra is a virtual fort of history and architecture located in the state of Uttar Pradesh in India. Historical monuments, architectural grandeur ventures and the beauty of marbles, Agra thrives as one of the tourist destination in India. Agra, a medieval city, was assumed to be built in 1475, had been found its place even in the epic Mahabharatha as Agraban (means paradise).
The renowned second century geographer Ptolemy spotted this place as Agra in his world map. Agra was the capital of many dynasties including Lodhi and Mughals. Located at the banks of River Yamuna, Agra offers the tourists the richest of the man made beauties including three UNESCO World Heritage Sites - Agra fort, Fatehpur Sikri and Taj Mahal. It is the haven of Mughal art, culture and architecture.
Agra is the foremost tourist spot in India and has been equipped with all kinds of infrastructure facilities for tourists. The city with multi colored illuminations providing a marvelous view at night offer hearty welcome to its tourists. Many high standard hotels and resorts add the enjoyment of the vacation and picnic to its pinnacle in Agra.
PLACES TO VISIT
One of the Seven wonders in the world, a must see place in India, Taj Mahal is situated majestically in Agra. It is acclaimed as one of the three World Heritage Sites in Agra and is the living specimen of romantic love life of Shah Jahan and his favorite beautiful wife Mumtaz Mahal.
Also renowned as the Red Fort of Agra, Agra Fort is located near to the Taj Mahal gardens on the banks of River Yamuna.
Musamman Burj is placed very close to the Diwan-i-Khas, the imposing private hall of Shah Jahan. Mausamman Burj, also renowned as Saman Burj, is an exquisite architectural marvel with octagonal tower.
Located on the slopes from east to west to the north of Diwan-e-aam complex, Moti Masjid is famous for its pearl-white exteriors and the beautiful interiors as well as exteriors. Built during the years 1648-54, the mosque has 12 pillars and cusped arches.
Chini Ka Rauza:
Chini Ka Rauza is a spectacular tomb very close to Taj Mahal in Agra. The tomb is dedicated to the Prime Minister of Mughal dynasty Allama Afzal Khan, the Mullah of Shiraz, during the rule of Shah Jahan.
Fatehpur Sikri is a town located about 40 km away from Agra and is one of the renowned World Heritage site by UNESCO. The city was built during the period 1571 to 1585 by great Mughal emperor Akbar.
The Jama Masjid is one of the largest mosques in Agra. It was built in 1648 and is popularly known as Jami Masjid. This mosque is credited with the name of Princess Jahanara Begum, the lovely daughter of Shah Jahan.
Buland Darwaza, an entrance constructed by Akbar to celebrate his victory in 1573 over the kingdom of Khandesh in Gujarat, is the gateway to the renowned Fatehpur Sikri near Agra.
A big five storied pavilion placed in the Fatehpur Sikri fort complex, Panch Mahal was believed to be the pleasure and relaxation place for Mughal emperor Akbar. The pavilion is made up of beautiful red sandstone and is at the highest point in Fatehpur Sikri.
Maryamuzzamani Palace is an exquisite palace located in the fort complex of Fatehpur Sikri. This was the palace of Queen Maryamuzzammani, the Goan Wife of the Emperor Akbar and the mother of Jehangir.
Itimad-ud-daula's Tomb on the bank of River Yamuna was built by the queen Noor Jahan, the queen of Jahangir, for her parents. It is an architectural marvel located in Agra. It is situated at the middle of the well known and scenic Persian Garden.
Sikandra Complex (Akbar's Tomb):
Sikandra Complex containing Akbar’s tomb is really an architectural marvel in Agra. The Great Mughal emperor began the construction of this complex in 1605, embedding various architectural styles. Jehangir, Akbar’s son, completed the Sikandra Complex after Akbar’s death.
The Mehtab Bagh, a 25 acre garden plot constructed during 1631 to 1635 AD, is the moonlight garden located along the western side of bank of the river Yamuna. It is laid just across the Yamuna, aligned with the world famous Taj in a symmetrical style.
HOW TO REACH HERE
Kheria airport is 13 km from Taj Mahal.
Agra is connected to the major cities of India. Agra Cantt. Railway Station, Enquiries, Tel: 139.
Agra is well-connected to the following cities by road: Mathura, Delhi, Chandigarh, Kanpur, Lucknow, Varanasi, Jhansi, Chitrakoot, etc. Agra's distance by road, from the main cities is as follows : Delhi 203 km, Khajuraho 393 km, Gwalior 118 km, Jaipur 237 km, Calcutta 1287 km, Varanasi 657 km, Mussoorie 417 km, Mumbai 1204 km.
UPSRTC Bus Stand, Idgah, Enquiries, Tel : (0562) 2420324
UPSRTC Bus Stand, Opp. Power House, Enquiries, Tel : (0562)2464557
Rajasthan Roadways near Idgah Bus Stand (0562) -2420228
ISBT, near Transport Nagar, N.H.-2 Ph-0562-2603536
Interstate Bus Terminus 95BT, Transport Nagar Ph: (0562)- 2603536
Taxies: Air Conditioned / non air-conditioned taxis are available, without meter, at the railway stations, airport, hotels and at travel companies.
Other transport: Un-metered auto-rickshaws, tongas and cycle rickshaws are available, rates of which are negotiable.